Est. 1968

The Friars Cove Lodge, Inc.

Community • Camaraderie • Comfort

History of Friars Cove

        Friars Cove subdivision in Addison, IL — 19 miles west of downtown Chicago — was built

in the late 60’s and early 70’s. The developer named the subdivision for the nickname of his

Catholic high school team in Oak Park, IL — the Fenwick Friars. The streets of the

subdivision are named for favorite teachers.  The Lodge was built in the 50’s and was

originally used as a hunting lodge.


History of Addison, IL Part# 1    (scroll down for part 2)


        Addison,  village in DuPage County,  in northeastern Illinois,  a suburb of Chicago.

It is largly residential with some varied manufacturing.  The village is names for the British

statesman Joseph Addison.  As of the 2010 census,  the population was 36,942.

Joseph Addison (1672-1719)

"It is a great presumption to ascribe our successes to our own management, and not to esteem our selves upon any blessing, rather as it is the bounty of heaven, than the acquisition of our own prudence." (Joseph Addison)

        In early eighteenth-century English coffeehouse culture, no patron was as distinguished

a conversationalist or as delightful an essayist as the Oxford-educated Joseph Addison.

Born on May 1, 1672, in Milston, Wiltshire, where his father was rector,  Addison had a long

career in English politics as a committed Whig and in which he held many offices, including Secretary of Ireland and Secretary of State. He died in London at the age of forty-seven.

        The aim of Addison's political thought,  which was based on a natural law radiating from

the divine will and the political equality of men,  was the preservation of limited,  consensual,

and constitutional government and a free,  commercial society.  Addison's religion was

high-church Anglican,  which gives his theological language a formality and orthodoxy many

modern readers have found alien.

        But Addison is remembered chiefly for his prose mastery.  As Samuel Johnson wrote

"Whoever wishes to attain English style,  familiar but not coarse,  and elegant but not

ostentatious,  must give his days and nights to the study of Addison."  Most of Addison's

essays were published in The Spectator,  a popular periodical he founded with his friend

Richard Steele.  Addison used these light and ogten gently saterical essays to educate the

merchants and tradesmen of the emerging English middle class - what he termed

"middle condition" - in the manners and morals needful for their stability and legitimacy

in English social structure.  In C.S. Lewis's words,  Addison's essays stand firmly "on the common ground of life" and deal "with middle things."

        Indoing so,  he described the virtues required of a people in a commercial society.  As

Addison counseled,  such people must possess courage to take the economic risks required

for a prosperous business economy.  Further, they must be dilligent in the practice of their

vocations,  frugal in the conduct of their lives,  and philanthropic in the management of their

estates,  and in these ways be good stewards of God's blessings to them.  And such people

must be absolutely honest;  in Addison's words, "There is no man so improper to be

employed in business as he who is in any degree capable of corruption."

Sources: The Life of Joseph Addison by Peter Smithers (Oxford,1954), and Joseph Addison’s Sociable Animal by Edward A. Bloom and Lillian D. Bloom (Brown University Press, 1971).

"Friendship improves happiness, and abates misery, by doubling our joys, and dividing our grief," - Joseph Addison

History of Addison, IL  Part# 2

         Like the Indians before them, the first white settlers made their homes near rivers and

groves of native timber that gave them the fuel and water needed for survival. The first

pioneers in what is now Addison Township were Hezekiah Dunklee (also spelled Duncklee)

from Hillsborough, New Hampshire, and Mason Smith from Potsdam, New York. They arrived

in Chicago September 3, 1833, having traveled by land from Detroit. They left Chicago five

days later, and following a north­west trail made the year before by General Winfield Scott's

army through twenty miles of flat, grassy marshland and prairie, they came to a large grove

of trees located on the eastern bank of a river, which later became known as Salt Creek.

After surveying the land to the west of the river, they returned to the north end of the grove.

        On May 25, 1834, Bernhard Joachim Koehler and his family settled east of Dunklee's

Grove on the present site of the River Forest  Country Club. On that same day the Friedrich

Graues settled south of the grove. These two families were the first of a large German influx

during the next few years. Others to follow were the Stuenkels, the Krages, the Roter­munds,

the Kruses, the Fienes, and the Buch­holzes.

        Most of the necessities of life were produced on the farms, but often the pioneers had

to travel to Chicago to buy other provisions. With no roads through the prairie, travel was

difficult. Many walked the eighteen miles to Chicago The Des Plaines River flooded after

heavy rains, and at those times such travel was impossible. Wells were dug by hand, often

to a depth of thirty or forty feet, and a windmill was built to pump the water. If there was not

enough wind, pumping was done by hand.

  In 1839 Dunklee's Grove became part of Washington Precinct. When township organization

was adopted in 1849, Washington Precinct became known as Addison Township.

                                       From the 1874 Atlas & History of DuPage County, Illinois   

        After the first pioneers settled, other friends and relatives came to claim lands. In 1837 there

were thirty families living in the Dunklee's Grove area. By 1844 there were 200 people living in the

vicinity. Gradually businesses were established, such as a steam grist mill, a general store, a cobbler's

shop and a blacksmith shop. In 1867 the Heidemann Mill was constructed in Addison to serve the

residents who had been taking their grain to surrounding communities to be ground.

        By 1853 state laws enabled school districts to be formed, and District 4 came into being with the

building of its first public school in 1858. Peter Nikel was the teacher. The build­ing was located on the southwest corner of Addison and Army Trail roads. Today it is part of the Edward Green home. The German population of Addison Township formed a church in 1838 which was called the German United Reformed Lutheran Congregation of Dunklee's Grove. In 1849 the first church school building was

erected in Addison, near the corner of Army Trail Road and May Street.

        In 1864 the Evangelical Lutheran Teachers' Seminary was built in Addison to train teach­ers for the

Lutheran school system. Their lecture hall, which opened in 1885, included a chapel, and it was here that

the residents of Addison worshipped from 1893-1906. In 1906 the Lutheran congregation built the

St. Paul Church along Army Trail Road near Lake Street.

        In 1874 the Evangelical Lutheran Orphan Home was built to "raise, train, and educate orphans, half

orphans and other children en­trusted to its care." All children from the Orphan Home who were of school

age went to St. Paul's Christian Day School. After gradua­tion from the eighth grade, the girls would remain in the Home for work and future train­ing. The boys were placed on farms, truck farms or in greenhouses to work.

        In 1884 the village of Addison became in­corporated. The population at the time was 400. The first president was Henry Buchholz, who served in that position from 1884 to 1891. In 1890 five Addison men formed the Addison Railroad Company, Inc. These were William Leeseberg, Louis Stuenkel, Edward Rotermund, Professor Johann Backhaus, and H. Z. Zutter­meister. Stock capital amounted to $5,000. A charter was issued on July 16, 1890, for the right to a stretch of land from today's North Avenue into Addison to build a railroad track. An agreement was made with the Illinois Central Railroad officials to provide the rail­road bed and equipment and to maintain and operate the railroad for fifty years from that date. The cost of the whole right-of-way was $16,488.90. The first train came to Addison for the Orphan Home Picnic on September 12, 1890.

                                                          Illustrations by Vivian Krentz

                                                            Graphics by Ron Carringi

        Telephone service became available in 1895. Addison's first bank, the Addison State Bank, opened

in 1902. In 1912 the Public Service Company of Northern Illinois brought in light and power lines. Electric

street lights burned in Addison for the first time on February 1 That same year the Western United Gas

and Electric Company brought gas lines into the area.

        In 1913 the Lutheran Teachers' Seminary moved out of Addison to River Forest, where it is now

known as Concordia College. The Seminary had been a vital part of Addison's history for almost fifty years. The Seminary buildings were purchased by the Chicago City Mission Society as a home for dependent children who had had little opportunity for moral, mental or physical development. The children, who were referred by the juvenile courts, were moved from Chicago to Addison in 1916. This became known as the Addison Manual Training School for Boys and the Industrial School for Girls,

known generally as the Kinderheim.

        Street improvements began in the late 19th century. During the 1920s roadways were improved and

the automobile made its appear­ance. The former muddy roads and dusty trails gave way to gravel and concrete roads, and the population patterns began changing. With bet­ter routes and the railroad, people were build­ing their homes along the roads.

        Two lanes of Lake Street were paved in 1922. A narrow gauge railroad was built along Lake Street

to the quarry in Elmhurst to bring gravel and cement to the site. When the road­work was completed, these tracks were re­moved. Because of the desire to thoroughly modernize the town, a water system

was installed in 1924.

        Also, by 1924 the Kinderheim had outgrown the structures which had housed the Semi­nary, and

the building was torn down to make room for a new two-story brick building to house the young people

of Kinderheim. This was completed in 1925. Today that structure serves as the municipal building and

houses the police department.

        Increased traffic along Lake Street prompted the widening of the road in 1930 to forty feet all the

way from Cook County line to Ontario­ville, a distance of 12'h miles, and the con­structing of a three-span

bridge over Salt Creek at Lake Street. Addison was served by the Marigold Bus Line, which came from Chicago every hour on the hour. It followed the same route that had been used in 1837 by the Frink and Walker Line on its way toward Galena, these stage coaches having stopped for a change of horses in Addison.

        During the 1930s Addison, as well as the rest of the country, was plunged into the Great Depression.

In Addison the bank was forced to close, although in 1933 enough money was raised (between $8,000

and $9,000) to meet legal requirements, and the bank was again able to open for business. The residents

of Addison were able to weather the lean years by raising food for their tables, and by taking any job, no matter how small the pay.

        The years of World War II brought pros­perity once again to the community. Again the men of

Addison served proudly in all the services. There were 86 of them in the war. Miraculously, all of them returned safely. Among the Addison residents who had been taken prisoner were Lester Rotermund in

Ger­many, and William Stuenkel in Italy. There were two casualties among those who came from the

area outside of Addison: Wilbur Backhaus, who was killed in the Battle of the Bulge; and

Ernst Ellerbruch who was killed in Sicily.

        When World War II ended and the service­men began returning from overseas, a housing shortage developed. The "G. I. Bill" gave young families the opportunity to purchase homes, and the "baby boom"

of the post-war years brought many new residents to Chicago's suburbs. The population in 1950 was

823. By 1963 it had reached 13,272. Generating a marked increase in village revenue, this growth

affected the construction industry and also created additional demands for village services. Schools were

soon unable to accommodate the large number of young children, and popula­tion projections indicated

a need for future expansion of the school system.

  Illinois Central Train in Addison on "Orphan Home Festival Day." Courtesy Historical Museum of Addison


                         Plass Garage. Arthur Krage, George Rathje, George Plass, Warren Web

                  stand before the Ford Agency in 1925.  Courtesy Historical Museum of Addison

        School District 4 constructed a building in a second location in 1957, and in that same year

St. Joseph Catholic Parish also opened a grade school. From that date, when Fullerton School was built, until 1972 the number increased to nine public grade schools and one junior high school.

        In 1965 a second Catholic grade school, St. Philip the Apostle, was built. In 1966 there were two secondary schools built, Addison Trail High School and Driscoll Catholic High School.  Additional religious

facilities were added to serve the increased population. Originally most of the residents had been

German Luther­ans, and the few Catholic families attended church in Elmhurst. As the number of

families increased, so did the diversity of faiths. Be­tween 1954 and 1965 there were seven churches

of different denominations built.

        The "G. I. Bill" was also used by many of the returning servicemen after World War II. Addison established an industrial park with a railroad line that ran into the area. Highways were being improved, and the short distance from O'Hare Airport was an attraction to many manufacturers who built in the

park. These additional plants, in turn, brought more people to Addison to live. Many of the farmers

surrounding Addison began to sell their farms as property values rose and their taxes in­creased accordingly.

        Prior to 1950 there were few parks and play­grounds in Addison; however, as developers

subdivided the land, they were encouraged by village officials to set aside areas in each sub­division

to be used as parks. In 1958 the Central Park Committee was formed. This was a volunteer group of homeowners who helped establish and maintain parks. The Addison Recreation Club, another volunteer group, began working with Addison's youth in the early 1950s. In 1965 Addison voters approved a referendum to establish a park district, which now owns over 200 acres of land at eighteen sites and offers activities for residents of all ages, from tots to senior citizens.

        In 1962 a public library was established in the municipal building. In 1968 a new building was constructed along Lake Street at Kennedy Drive to house the Addison Public Library.

        The banking industry also grew along with the population. Before 1950 the Addison State Bank was

the only bank in Addison. As population and businesses increased, the need for additional financial services brought the opening of six other banks or saving and loan associations to the village.

        The building industry that began flourishing after World War II concentrated on single-family

homes in Addison. More recently developers have obtained permits to build multiple family homes, apartments, town­houses and condominiums. Decreasing availability of land and rising construction

costs have contributed to this trend. Today shop­ping centers have replaced the earlier “general stores."

Shops and restaurants have opened specializing in ethnic goods for an increasingly diverse population.

        Also, the schools, with an increased enrollment of children from families new to this country, have

had to include bilingual courses in their curriculum. High technology advances have caused many

services and business establishments to turn to computers and new training programs for their

personnel. Addi­son's special education organization, the Ray Graham Association, its Lutherbrook (suc­cessor to the Evangelical Lutheran Orphan Home), its assistance programs through the Community Switchboard, its support for cul­tural growth through the arts programs are all a part of Addison's

response to varying needs.

  To summarize, during the past 150 years Addison has grown from a few hardy settlers planting their crops to a town of 30,000 citizens engaged in a multitude of occupa­tions. The quiet hamlet where everyone knew everyone else has given place to a suburb bustling with activity. Today, as it has been throughout its history, Addison is a caring community.

The Authors

Acknowledgements :

Pearl Morris and Vivian Krentz are co-authors of Addison- Village of Friendship, the community's

centennial book. is responsible for this article and Richard A. Thompson and

contributors are responsible for the publication.  Other information and pictures can be see at

the Addison historical museum.

For local community events in Addison,  click the link below.

-  The Friars Cove Lodge Board

Contact The Board : CLICK HERE





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